Sustainable   ... Science & Technology for   Self-reliance and Economic Development


PCSIR Head office
Constitution Avenue
Sector G-5/2 ,

Tel:+92- 51 -9225395-99

Chairman's Office: 

FAX :+92- 51- 9225372
+92- 51-9219266




The broad-based activities of the PCSIR encompass almost the entire industrial sector in the country; for the industrial units in operation have their ground-work in science and technology in which the PCSIR is both prominent and all too visible an organization on the national plan. The PCSIR being the foremost industrial R & D organization is the largest producer of indigenous technologies in an organized fashion. The R & D projects of the PCSIR fall into two major categories:
Those that are sponsored or are user liked.
Those for which a user is likely to be available but has to be found out. 
Evaluation of Locally Available Raw Materials
Pakistan is replete with respect to natural resources and their exploitation should have been the top priority in the process of industrialization of the country but instead of using local materials, a consumer industry based on imported raw materials was largely established.

PCSIR's main thrust in the starting years was to investigate the physico-chemical composition of the locally available raw materials and to find out their possible utilization. Out of the large number of research publications (over 4000) that PCSIR produced during the period, 70 percent relates to the evaluation of local materials. The data thus generated is the single most important contribution of the PCSIR, which no other organization in the country can claim. It is available in the form of research papers, technical bulletins, brochures and reports, etc. It covers the areas from minerals, ores, clays, forest produced herbs, plants to marine and animal wastes. PCSIR can undertake survey and evaluation studies of raw materials and products on behalf of the industry. 

Process and Product Development
The Scientists and Technologists of PCSIR developed 684 industrial processes and products and 350 numbers of patents, mostly based on the locally available raw materials. Out of these nearly 400 processes have commercially been exploited on industrial scale. It has also executed around 50 Annual Development Programme (ADP) projects, which were mainly pilot plant studies, based on the data generated on the laboratory level.
Investigative Analysis and Import substitution
A large number of formulated products are being imported at exorbitant rates resulting in the expenditure of costly foreign exchange by the textile, leather, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, household chemicals, food additives and consumer products industries in the form of emulsions, surfactants, resins, adhesives, plastic parts, perfumes, flavors and other chemical and non-chemical products. Most of these items are imported under brand names. The expertise and technical manpower available in the PCSIR have been able to decode and analyses over 2000 of these products and helped the local SME's in the development of import-substituted materials.
Analytical and Testing Services
PCSIR is capable of undertaking large number of tests of raw materials and industrial products and can provide physical, chemical, chromatographic and spectroscopic analytical services in the diversified fields.

It has the requisite highly qualified, trained and experienced resource manpower not available which is in any other organisation of the country.

It has the necessary infrastructure in terms of quality control, equipment and analytical instruments and laboratories.

It has the capability to investigate, improve and introduce latest methodology of testing and quality control in the production and application.

PCSIR at present is serving over 4000 SME's / clients all over the country annually in quality control, analytical and testing area.

Quality Control Services to the Exporters
The major exports of Pakistan are textile, leather, food, sports and surgical goods and products, which are based on locally available raw materials. The exports are essentially made to western European countries, America and Japan. These countries are becoming more quality conscious and introducing various parameters and checks to monitor the quality of the imported products. ISO 9000, 14000 and 17025 etc standards are being brought in to monitor the desired quality. Pakistan has faced much competition in the region for exports and in order to remain competitive there is a need to educate, support and provide technical and quality control services to the producers and exporters of goods.

PCSIR is doing its best to extend these services to the exporters. Textile and leather exportable items are examined for forbidden dyes, PCP, formaldehyde, heavy metals, pesticides and fungicides and most of other undesirable chemicals on the request of the exporters and issuing analytical reports / certificates which are being accepted in Europe and elsewhere. PCSIR has developed credibility for these test reports. Similarly food items being exported by Nestle and others are being tested for their microbial contamination and shelf life. Exporters of surgical goods, and sports goods are also getting technical and analytical help from PCSIR. Under the supervision of EPB and technical guidance of Mineral and Metallurgy Research Centre of PCSIR, a Material Testing Laboratory has been established at Sialkot to Cater to the needs of the exporters of that area and PCSIR is imparting training to the technical staff posted in M T Labs Sialkot.

Services to Government Departments and NGOs
Various Government departments such as Customs, Excise, Police, Administration, Health and NGO's avail the analytical testing and advisory services of PCSIR in resolving disputes, fake and genuine products categorization investigative matters, narcotics, screening of medicines for steroids, etc.
Help in Crisis Situations
Due to the availability of diverse expertise and extensive laboratory infrastructure, PCSIR enjoy the status of focal point in the crisis situations and its scientific and technical staff are always ready to extend to the local Administration the technical help to solve the problems and ameliorate the situation. The major areas where PCSIR has significant contributions are:
Trouble shooting problems of the industry
Fire accidents
Poisonous gases leakage
Environment and Pollution Control
The expertise available in PCSIR in the field of Environment and Pollution Control is not only training of its own S&T staff in the assessment, monitoring and control systems of air, water and soil pollution but is also helping the local industry for self-monitoring and impact assessments. It is also helping the Ministry of Environment, Local Government and Rural Development, Planning Division, Ministry of Industries in framing and implementing National Environment Quality Standards (NEQS) of air, water, industrial liquid and solid effluents and gasses emissions. PCSIR is also assisting the local industry in acquisition, modification of existing plants, handling of hazardous wastes, treatment of effluents, control of emissions, etc. for environmentally clean and safe productions. PCSIR laboratories have already been recommended by the EPA as environmental laboratories to carry out testing of environment samples. PCSIR scientists/technologists are helping Ministry of Environment to prepare, organize and execute training programmes in the field of environment monitoring and assessment.
ISO - 9000/14000 Certification
On the introduction of the ISO-9000 series of the standards, the specified quality of the products has become a vital issue for all the companies of the country to conduct their business according to the requirements of applicable standards.

In Pakistan PCSIR is the only organization, which is capable of doing quality management work successfully as it has all desired facilities available within its premises in each of the province of the country. PCSIR has over one hundred different types of latest equipments and highly trained manpower to test and evaluate a factory's raw materials, in process inventories, finished products and the packed products which are to be marketed. The manpower of PCSIR is also capable of doing the Environmental Impact Assessment studies in and around the vicinity, a plant is operating.

The scientists of PCSIR are well aware of the ISO-9000, ISO-14000 and WTO requirements which have introduced new world order for improving the quality of products, services and management systems of the organizations. In this context, PCSIR plan to get ISO-9000 certification and accreditation against ISO-17025. In the very recently under a joint project of MOST & M/O Commerce. Some 500 industries have been examined by PCSIR scientists for the certification and about 250 industries have adopted/received certification for ISO 9000 under the programme. An Incentive grant of Rs. 200,000/- has also been provided to each successful client upon recommend actions of PCSIR.

Workshops, Seminars & Training Programmes
PCSIR arranges seminars, workshops and training porogrammes in the specialized fields for the senior technical staff of the industry in order to update the knowledge of industrial workers and to teach the modern techniques, skills and latest methods for improving the quality and standards of their industrial products. Some of the workshops and training courses held in PCSIR which were well attended and greatly appreciated by the relevant industry included:
"Cathode Protection Techniques" for solving corrosion problems in the industry.
New Techniques in Metalography.
Technical training on ore beneficiation to the staff working at the Saindak copper ore project.
129 Technical Managers, Quality Control Managers, Calibration Managers received training in three batches in the sophisticated field of Metrology and Calibration.
Various training programmes were held in leather processing, leather finishing, and quality control for the employees of the leather industry.
Workshop on "Essential Oils, perfumes and Flavors" was held for the benefit of Cosmetics toiletries, flavors, perfumes household chemical manufactures.
Workshop on "food Preservation" was held for the food and beverage industry.
Training programme in "Cereal Technology and mycotoxins" for the RCD countries.
Workshop on "Oilseed Expelling Systems" for the Expeller manufacturers.
Seminar on "Synthetic Dyes and Intermediate Chemicals" for the local dye industry
Pre-Fesibility, Feasibility & Techno-Economic Studies
PCSIR has experienced and trained scientific and technical manpower to undertake these studies on behalf of the industry. A number of technical reports and pre-feasibility studies has been executed by PCSIR on the request of the local industry, Government agencies such as PUNJMIN, RDC, NDFC, SDA, BDA for survey, evaluation, upgrading of raw materials required and projects based on the locally available raw materials.
Rural Support Technologies
PCSIR has developed a number of technologies for the uplift of the rural areas of the country including:
Improved and modified village level sugarcane crusher developed under US AID programme.
Modified Oil Seed Expeller developed under IDRC, Canada funded project.
Development of erucic acid and glucocinolate-free rapeseeds (crucifers) under PL-480 project.
Bench Mark of Sugar Recovery from sugarcane for the farmers, project funded by MINFAL, Government of Pakistan.
Seed Decorticating Machine.
Nut Cracking Machine - hand operated as well as power operated for Agha Khan rural support programme.
Potable water technology.
Carpet making machine.
Household disinfectants.
Preservation of vegetables and Fruits Technologies.
Major Fields Developed
The following are some of the major fields of R&D where necessary expertise, trained and experienced scientific and technical manpower and infrastructure of labs and equipment has been established which can cater to the needs of the local industry.
Applied Chemistry / Industrial Chemistry
Pharmaceutical and fine chemicals
Textile Dyes and Pigments
Textile, Sugar and Paper Chemicals
Polymers and Plastics
Cosmetics and Household Chemicals
From Plants and Herbs
Industrial Essential Oils
Oils, Fats, Soaps and Detergents
Leather Chemicals
Medicinal Water Conditioning
Pesticides and Insecticides
Inorganic and Industrial Chemicals
Narcotic Testing Kits
Medical Diagnostic Kits
Fillers for Rubber and Plastic Products
Petroleum Products
Biotechnology, Food Technology and Fermentation
Preservation of Food Materials especially through Dehydration of Vegetables and Fruits
Synthetic beverage concentrates
Vinegar from molasses, apples, dates, etc.
Commercial food sauces
Bating agent for tanneries
Mushroom production.
Fortified breads
Meat and meat products.
Ice cream mixes.
Pickles, jams, jellies and sweets.
Baby foods, low calorie and high energy food supplements
Milk and milk products
Food additives and preservatives
Microbial enzymes
Animal and poultry formulated feeds
Soya bean meat and related products
Minerals and Metallurgy 
Mineralogy and geochemistry
Mineral processing / ore beneficiation.
Physical metallurgy
Foundry technology
Corrosion and protection
Development of brighteners and electroplating chemicals
Heat treatment salt compositions
Evaluation of foundry sands moldings, silicates, bentonites and bonded sands
Graphite crucibles
Minerals based chemicals
Glass and Ceramics
Utilization of industrial minerals
Development of all types of Alumino-silicate, magnesite, chrome, chrome-magnesite and fire clay insulating refractories and evaluation of their raw materials.
Soda-lime silica glass products such as container glasses, signal glasses and dome glasses.
Rapid hardening cements
Beneficiation of glass sands
Acid proof cement tiles and bricks
Frits and enamels including acid resistant
Low temperature and high temperature glazes for earthenware, stoneware and porcelain
Pyrometric cones
Grinding wheals, rubbing bricks and horning sticks
High quality glass sands
Ceramic clays
High rupture capacity (HRC) fuses
Applied Biology & Marine Resources
Aflatoxins and mycotoxins in edible materials
Nematode-free nursery and nematicides from natural sources
Biofertilizers from marine sources
Fish culture technology
Biopesticides and insecticides
Preservation of fish, shrimps, etc.,
Marinated, fermented and spiced products from fish, shrimps and shellfish
Fish protein concentrate
Micro-nutrient frits
Fuel and Energy
Smokeless coal briquettes
Biogas generation from animal and agriculture wastes
Carbonization of coals and related materials
Easily ignitable briquettes
Humic acids from coal
Gel fuels
Smokeless stove technology
Applied Physics and Instrumentation
Design and development of laboratory instruments:
pH meters, electrophoresis apparatus deioniser units, temperature and humidity controllers, water baths, hot-plate magnetic stirrers, ovens, heating mantles, rotary evaporators, melting point apparatus, crucible and muffle furnaces, orbital shaker.
Technical assistance for product development and design optimization of electrical goods.
Test and performance evaluation of electrical goods for standardization.
Training of industrial technical manpower.
Repair and maintenance of laboratory equipment.
Leather Technology
Bacterial bating agents.
Industrial leather processing technology.
Processes for garment leather, shoe upper, sole leather, etc.
Leather auxiliaries and chemicals.
Environment & Pollution Control
Industrial effluents.
Air, water and land pollution control measures.
Wastes characterization and treatments.
Monitoring methodologies on air, water, soil and hazardous wastes.
Environmental management and auditing.
Environment impact assessment and environment impact statements.
Laboratory back up for the assessment of emissions and particulate matter
Solar Technology
Development of equipment and appliances based on solar energy such as solar water heaters, solar space heating and cooling, solar stills for desalination of saline waters, solar photovoltaic systems. xi. Rural Development Technologies
Improved sugarcane crusher.
Improved and modified oil expeller.
Carpet making machine.
Nut cracking machine.
Decorticating machine for oils seeds.
Rice bran utilization
Water conditioning for drinking.
Fruit drying and preservation
Standards and Metrology 
Maintaining primary, secondary & working standards of based & derived quantities including linear, dimensional and angle measurements, surface measurements, mass, volumes, density measurements, electricity, time, frequency, magnetism pyrometry, temperature, pressure, hardness, refractive index, pH and conductivity measurements.

Calibration of industrial and laboratories equipments.

Design and development of precision machines and machine tools, jigs, moulds, dies and spare parts of high precision.

Production of components of satellites.

Machining, drilling, sizing machine components on CNC machine. Designing and fabrication of pilot plants, reaction vessels, shakers, vacuum dryers, filtration equipment, etc.

The Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) was established in 1953.
The prime objective of setting up research establishments in various parts of the country for undertaking scientific research for the utilization of the indigenous raw materials and also on problems faced by the country's nascent industries.
The present complexion of the PCSIR is that it has been reorganized as an Autonomous Body under Act No. XXX of 1973 with greater emphasis on industrial research oriented to the solution of important national problems.

The PCSIR autonomy is functional within the framework of two constitutional bodies created under the Act of 1973.

Council, the policy making body, is headed by the Chairman of PCSIR and the remaining membership thereto includes three members of PCSIR (Science, Technology, Finance), four representatives of Federal Ministers (S & T, Industries, Production), four Directors of Industries (one from each province), three commerce Directors of PCSIR establishments, and six representatives of industries.
Governing Body, the executive arm, is headed by the Chairman of PCSIR and includes two Members (Science, Technology), one Member Finance (representative of Ministry of Finance), and Secretary of PCSIR (ex-officio).

PCSIR has laboratory establishments in the federal and all the four provincial capitals

These are organized into four multifunctional research laboratories in Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, and Lahore by far the larger and therefore set-up in the structures of laboratories complexes. 
A wide range of S & T disciplines are organized into quasi-independent Centres / Divisions such as applied chemistry, minerals & metallurgy, glass & ceramics, biotechnology & food, environmental protection, medicinal botanics, fine chemicals & pharmaceuticals, rural technologies, instrumentation & electronics, research industrialization, polymers & plastics, and marine & applied biology.

monofunctional units include National Physical & Standards Laboratories at Islamabad. Fuel Research Centre at Karachi, Leather Research Centre at Karachi, Solar Energy Research Centre at Hyderabad, and Food Processing- cum - Demonstration Unit at Skardu. There also is a Scientific Information Centre at Karachi which in addition to miscellaneous information related matters puts out, now in its 49th-5 volume of publication, the Pakistan Journal of Scientific & Industrial research publishing articles from national and international contributors after peer review.

Trained manpower needs of the industrial sector are met through two Centres in Karachi and Quetta, namely, Pak-Swiss Technical Centre for middle-level technicians, and the national Institute of Industrial Electronics & Engineering producing high quality graduates. 




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